D&D Next development has progressed since my first post on the new system and I want to break down the changes. DDN is radical in the game design world: rather than try to upgrade or rework a previous system, DDN attempts to break down and simplify D&D. Buckle up, because we’re going real deep.
Understanding Scaling Factors
Scaling from leveling up is the main target of DDN’s revisions. Here are a few examples of scaling factors (roughly corresponding to 4E):
- Each even level, your base attack bonus increases by one.
- Every 4-6 levels, players upgrade their magic weapon and armor to new versions with a higher attack or armor bonus.
- Characters increase hit points by four to six every level.
- Weapon expertise is an additional feat that increases attack bonus by one per ten levels.
- Strikers typical find or buy specific bracers that increase the damage of their basic attacks.
- Skills rolls include half the character’s level.
- Characters add two points to two ability scores every four levels.
Scaling rarely opens up new options. It makes you better at certain things, but generally, the things you’re trying to do also become harder. A level 13 rogue might be better at unlocking chests than a level 3, but the locks he finds in his level 13 dungeons are harder to open. A fighter might have +21 to hit at high levels compared to +6 at low levels, but monsters have ACs that are 15 higher to compensate. Scaling is an arms race.
Recent RPGs have cut back on scaling factors. In Final Fantasy 13, there are no armor upgrades, only attack and HP upgrades. Whatever you attack damage is determines how much HP you knock off. Damage is understandable by players rather than being indecipherable math involving armor, damage reduction, shields, etc. Numbers can obscure the tactical possibilities of a game. In D&D’s case, it can hamper the creative aspects as well.
DDN axes scaling factors. Here are a few examples:
- Attack bonus goes up about 1/2 to 1/3 as fast.
- AC doesn’t seem to scale by level at all.
- Ability scores start a fair bit lower (you’ll expect your best stat to be around 16-17).
- Hit points go up by Constitution mod per level, which is generally 1-3 points lower than the old class-based HP scaling.
- There is little-to-no baked in magic weapon/armor expectation, especially on the armor side.
- Skills do not scale by level, though certain class features can increase them over time.
- There is little-to-no treasure expectation outlined in the DM document.
In some ways, these changes are terrifying. Try to take a breath. The goal here is to make character progression less number-based and more about new options and tricks. Here are some shifts that could occur when transitioning from 4E to DDN:
- Locks, traps, and other skill-based challenges do not need to have level-regimented placement (or awkward down/upscaling rules). A lock that is nigh-impossible at level 3 will still be difficult at level 9.
- Monsters will not be obsoleted nearly as quickly and, as a result, there is less need for hundreds of different monster variations just to provide enough choices at each level.
- It’s less necessary to dump your favorite sword just because it’s a +1 and you’re level 9 now.
- A low level but highly influential mobster boss could possess a massive treasure trove. Riches are less directly correlated to combat ability.
- Similarly, magic item prices don’t scale nearly as fast. Items retain some of their value as you level up. In 4E, even an item 2 or 3 levels old is nearly worthless.
New Progression Details
If numbers don’t go up, why level up? To get two hit points? There don’t seem to be strong patterns yet, but here’s a compiled look at class progression:
|1||Lots of class stuff, first Specialty bonus|
|2||Extra tier 1 spell or a Manuver for melee classes|
|3||New spell tier, second Specialty bonus|
|4||Extra tier 2 spell. Maneuver+Expertise upgrade|
|5||New spell tier, not much for melee?|
|6||Extra spell, third specialty bonus, maneuver|
|7||New spell tier, ?? for melee|
Some rough patches aside, progression is all about new options. You’ll have new tricks every other level, sometimes two at once. Progression is mostly about these new options and what they allow you to do. Clerics and Wizards are roughly as you’d expect, but melee have some new details to cover.
Expertise and Maneuvers
A pretty clear vision for these classes have started to emerge for martial classes. Each class gains, depending on level, 1-3 expertise dice to use every round to use one of several maneuvers. You may spend all your expertise on one maneuver or, if possible, split it up over a few different ones over the course of the round.
The E&M system unites a number of mechanics for each class. For Fighters, it combines marking, total defense, power attack, cleave, fortitude bonuses, and others. For rogues, it combines sneak attack, tumble, skill boosts, reflex bonuses, and more. Almost all class features run through this one mechanic. As a way to simplify the base class, I think it could be successful. Expertise dice are both your resource for the turn and a randomized element to add excitement.
Let’s see a basic Expertise example. A level 2 Fighter, let’s call him Guthrie, has 1d6 Expertise, which means he can do one Maneuver during the round. Guthrie is pretty defense-oriented and has three Maneuvers: Deadly Strike (which all fighters have), Protect, and Parry. During his turn, he might hit a goblin and may then decide to spend his expertise die to Deadly Strike and deal an extra 1d6 damage. If he misses, or if he feels his allies might need his help, he will have that dice remaining after his turn. Before his next turn, his nearby wizard buddy has an orc bear down on him, scoring a hit for 3 damage. The wizard needs his help, so Guthrie spends his die to Protect and negate 1d6 damage. If Guthrie is himself hit after the wizard, he no longer has expertise dice remaining and can not use Parry to negate some of the damage against himself.
I imagine most players will opt to funnel lots of expertise dice into damage, it gives them a nice consolation prize when they miss. This general flow also rewards players for taking a variety of maneuvers rather than pure offensive ones. I hope that the maneuvers will be innovative and provide cool possibilities when combined with specialties.
Specialties and Feats
I mentioned in my first post that Specialties are meant to serve a portion of the role that classes used to fill. It seems that specialties have been deemphasized in this latest update. Now, specialties seem to be feat tracks, similar to how a college might offer a track of related courses to ensure that a particular topic is well covered. Feats are as free-form as ever, but specialties seem to ensure that there are four feats that suit each particular specialty.
For example, the Stealth Specialist track will give you Hide in Shadows at level 1, a feat that grants three things: training in Sneak (nee stealth), the ability to hide in dim light, and low-light vision up to ten feet. Any class can take this, and since ability scores are less spiky than before, it’s reasonable for anyone to chose to become stealthy. At level 3, you could opt to take the Master Sneak feat,which guarantees you a minimum of 9 on any Sneak check. Not bad! At higher levels you can improve your sneaking abilities by allow you to move from cover to cover and escaping after taking an action.
From a game design perspective, the specialties system is a contract between the designer and the player. It says “I promise to design at least three other feats that work with each feat.” Those with 3E and 4E experience will appreciate this guarantee.
My main concern in earlier playtests were HP and healing. The adventuring day is drastically shortened by the removal of most non-magical healing. Although it doesn’t relate to progression, there have been two new experimental healing rules that may signal a recognition of these issues.
The (non-experimental) ruleset says that characters have one “hit dice” per level based on class (d8 for tough classes, less for others). Between battles, you may roll these dice to heal. Translated from 4E, you get roughly one surge per level per day. The unusual part of this is that low level characters have a very low tolerance for pain and high level characters can heal quite readily. Gaining extra hit dice may be one of the larger bonuses one gets as one levels up.
The first experimental ruleset provides a more old-school approach to healing. Each hour of rest grants HP equal to character level plus constitution modifier, or around 10-25% health. Resting for 8+ hours essentially restores all health via a mostly complicated formula.
The second experimental ruleset is more 4E-like and thus much faster. After a 4E-style short rest (5 minutes), regain 1+level+con mod HP, meaning around 30 minutes off will fully recover anyone. Once you are “bloodied” (drop below half health), however, you can not naturally heal back above half health without a long rest. This bloodied threshold implies that some wounds can not be simply shaken off. It retains the excitement and danger of combat and means that characters who enter a battle bloodied put themselves at significant danger. At the same time, a party that mostly routs their first battle can simply shake off the dirt and be at full strength heading into the second battle.
Though these rulesets are experimental and rough, I appreciate the acknowledgement that healing could be better handled. I look forward to Wizard’s further developments in this area.
DDN has developed nicely and I can see a strong vision for the product. This is not a ruleset for a videogame. It is meant to be interpreted, warped, adapted, and evolved. Character classes, backgrounds, and specialties are not being built to stack up to exactly equal on the damage meter. Many of us 4E players are a bit worried that the game might be significantly broken in that area. Despite that, I have great hope that DDN will instead be a game for non-powergaming playerbase who simply desire a general-purpose fantasy roleplaying game with deep character customization and reasonably low complexity.
By brother emailed me asking what to do to connect an xbox and his mac mini to the same screen. I’ve encountered similar situations connecting consoles, multiple computers, or other devices to screens. There are a two basic strategies.
If you’re intending to put everything in a living room with a couch, your setup could be:
- Try to connect everything you’ve got via HDMI to either a TV or your receiver
- Use a TV appropriate for your view distance
- Use a wireless keyboard and mouse for the TV
The keyboard and mouse situation can be the trickiest part of the TV setup. Not many people use these setups. If you have a good coffee table, it can work, otherwise you want to look for lapboard-style KB&M setups. Logitech also makes a mouse specifically intended for use on couch surfaces. If you don’t intend to be playing serious amounts of PC games, these sorts of solutions can work.
If you can be close to your screen, a monitor can be a cheap and high quality solution. Here’s are the general considerations:
- Find a monitor with several ports
- Figure out what the best plug matches will be (HDMI for console, DVI for pc, etc)
- Decide on your speaker solution
I bought a 24 inch ASUS monitor, though it seems there’s a slightly smaller one at deep discount. My general strategy for picking a screen would be to pick a size, then look for the cheapest monitor that also has a lot of reviews on NewEgg. Be warned that cheap monitors will have awful speakers, so you’ll have to consider your speaker situation. You can find speakers with multiple inputs, which can work, though you may need an adapter to split console audio out from the HDMI cable.
This is a fun little Xbox/PC/soon iOS game in the old Dragon Warrior style. It’s cheap ($1-3, depending on platform), well made, and doesn’t overstay its welcome. The developer is also making the upcoming Penny Arcade sequel, which looks great! There are some other reviews of the game out there, so I want to focus on some particular game mechanics that I liked.
Improving the Loop
The dungeon-crawling gameplay loop of Dragon Warrior-style games is:
- Reach a new dungeon and begin to explore it
- Get in a random battle
- Complete the battle
- Heal up
- (Repeat until you either return to town to recover or complete the dungeon)
Around this is the larger loop of RPG progression:
- Fight a bunch of monsters
- Level up or find new weapons and armor
- Equip or enable an upgrade
- Change your strategy to take into account the new powers (or new monsters)
Cthulu Saves the World looks to keep the gameplay similar to older games, so improvements to the game must come from improvements to these gameplay loops.
While in a dungeon, your main resource is health and mana. Health drops fast and is refilled by mana and potions. Mana is a longer-term resource: once you run out of mana, it’s about time to head back to town.
Cthulu tweaks a key piece of this loop. After each fight, the party is completely healed and a small amount of mana is restored. It saves trips to the menu after every battle. You spend more time fighting and exploring. The change goes deeper than that, though.
Monsters in Cthulu are fiercer than normal, strong enough to take out party members faster than you’d expect. Each round, monsters get 10% stronger. So round 2 is 110% and round 10 is 190%. Long battles get tense as monsters bash your party as fast as you can heal up. You need to play smart because battles can’t go on and on.
In other RPGs, individual battles need to be easier to avoid depleting the party too quickly. The average battle is somewhat easy, even dull. If you are strong enough, strategy is unnecessary. Cthulu subverts this lull by making individual battles more interesting and challenging.
Like the healing change, this helps the whole loop be more fun.
There are many modern ways to make level progression fun. Diablo 3, Mass Effect, and Witcher 2 all have great ideas. They aren’t very retro, though. They’re quite menu heavy and complicated, which is a poor fit for the 16-bit aesthetic. Cthulu has a simpler approach.
When a character levels up, the player is presented with a choice between two options. These options might be purely stat based:
- Option A: +40 Strength
- Option B: +30 Max HP, +20 Max MP
You might chose between two abilities:
- Option A: Fireball (Deal 61 damage to one group)
- Option B: Lightning Bolt (Deal 105 damage to one enemy)
You can shape your characters. Take a lot of Strength to make your basic attack stronger. Improve durability and survive longer in dungeons. Chose to improve your single target spells, or your slowing spells, or your spells that spread damage across the whole enemy group. Each character can be specialized for a particular role or you can spread abilities across multiple characters.
Sometimes you have a choice between improving several secondary stats or one especially desirable stat. The game designer has supplied several many of these temping choices. Here is an example of my favorite sort of choice:
- Option A: +30 Magic
- Option B: Lightning Bolt 3 (Increase damage dealt by lightning bolt by 80%)
This is great. You chose between making all of your spells by a small amount or one specific spell by a TON. You don’t need 20 strong spells; each character only needs maybe 5 to 10. So you craft your characters to have the specific spells you want. You’ll have to let some of the specific upgrades pass so you can take the basic upgrades you’ll need to keep up.
The system is simple (a quick choice every 10 battles) but gives satisfying customization (many different possible builds). It feels like a feature that could be in an old RPG, but it’s a bit more clever than what you’d see in those games.
Cthulu makes small tweaks to the Dragon Warrior formula but uses them well:
- Characters heal between fights, reducing tedium and allowing for tougher fights
- Monsters get steadily stronger each round, requiring smart play
- Level ups use a simple system of choices to create good customization
As I mentioned in the introduction, Cthulu Saves the World is a good value and isn’t too long. I recommend it!
The public play test of D&D Next has been released. This preview allows us to get an idea of where they are going with the the successor to 4th edition. Their stated goal is to simplify the game and return to the roots of the game. I’d like to break down some of the major changes, using 4E as a starting point, but with references to past editions where useful.
Character Building Blocks
Background and Theme to rise to the prominence of Race and Class
Themes were introduced late in 4E’s lifecycle as a way to add some extra abilities and perks to a character. In Dark Sun for example, you could add a Noble Adept theme to gain extra psionic power. This is the best for psionic characters but it could also spice up another character. In DDN, themes are integrated into the basic gameplay and seem to absorb what was formerly the “role” of the class. Being a fighter in 4E also made you a defender. Being a fighter in DDN just makes you a weapon swinging armor wearer. If you want to be a defender, you’ll take the “guardian” theme, which confers bonuses similar to basic defender powers in 4E.
4E had a large number of classes due to the matrix created by multiplying the four roles (Defender, Striker, Leader, Controller) by the power sources (Martial, Divine, Arcane, Primal, Psionic, Shadow). Psionic+Defender = Battlemind, for example. Each class, over its 30 levels, has over a hundred powers. Many of these powers overlapped or were similar to powers of other classes. By pulling the role out of the class, the complexity of classes can be reduced substantially.
Backgrounds are also absorbing part of what classes use to provide, mainly skills. Each background, which are things like “soldier” or “commoner”, provides three skills and a feat-like bonus ability. Backgrounds in 4E gave smaller bonuses to two skills. Backgrounds help get some flavor for a character, and tying bigger bonuses give a bigger incentive for players to seriously consider them.
Spotlight on Ability Scores
Skills and non-AC defenses mostly removed
Skills have traditionally been the second most complicated system (after combat). DDN simplifies the system by looking at the reality of skills in 4E. In 4E, you’re good at the skills your ability scores (Strength, Intelligence, etc) support, decent at a few others, and useless at the rest. To reflect this, DDN removes the massive skill list. Instead, skill rolls go through your ability scores (so, Athletics would simply be a Strength check). Your class, theme, and background can provide specific skill bonuses, and feat training seems likely. This reduces the list of skills from 17 to just the 3-5 that you have. Skill bonuses can be (and are, in the play test) much more specific. The wizard has several different knowledge skills.
Fortitude, Reflex, and Will have been removed and saving throws are back. The “Non-AC Defenses” (NADs) were part of 4E’s effort to differentiate physical attacks from magical ones and allow some physical attacks to target weaker attributes of opponents. This has been all but scrapped in DDN and ordinary spells just target AC. Those that don’t (generally, the most severe ones) cause the defending player to make a saving throw, which target an ability score appropriate for the spell’s effect.
Advantage and Status Effects
Combat advantage spread everywhere
Combat advantage from 4E is a +2 bonus that comes from many situations: flanking a monster with two players, attacking a character that is knocked down, attacking from stealth, etc. There are -2 penalties as well, though they don’t have a generic name: attacking a character who is partially behind cover, attacking while dazed, etc. Now these have been given a simpler name, advantage/disadvantage, and have been incorporated into all rolls, such as skill checks. Advantage and disadvantage negate each other one for one, so if you have two advantageous conditions and one disadvantageous (such as stealth attacking a prone creature while drunk), you simply have advantage. Multiple advantageous factors don’t provide a multiplied bonus, however.
The way the bonus works has also changed. If you have advantage, you roll 2d20 and take the higher die. With disadvantage, you take the lower. This works out to roughly +2 or -2, but has an interesting effect on the cognitive load put on the person rolling the die. I hear this conversation often: “I rolled a 19″ “Was that with combat advantage?” “I think so…” “Did you add the +1 for charging?” “Let me recount”. CA is common enough that this kind of confusion happens frequently. In the situation I outlined, the character would simply have advantage and make the two rolls.
Hit Points and Healing Changes
Hit points per day massively reduced, randomized
This one is pretty deep, so we’ll start with pre-4E, then move forward. Pre-4E healing was at the mercy of one’s supply of healing potions and the kindness of your clerics. A character with 20 hp might be able to count on receiving one healing potion and one or two healing spells during a day of adventuring, effectively doubling his starting total for HP he could use before dying. Keep in mind that neither of these are available at low levels, where potions are too expensive and clerics have few spells. On the other end, one could hypothetically heal an infinite amount of damage in a day if she had a bag of healing potions.
4E introduced the concept of surges, which represent the amount of wounds a person can be healed in a day. Each surge restores a quarter of your health, plus any bonus that the healer himself provides. A weak character might have 6/day (or, 150% of his starting HP) and a tough character might have 12/day (or, 300% of her starting hp). Anyone can spend surges during a rest, and a night’s sleep restores surges.
DDN seems to revert to a pre-4E system, with a small nod to non-magical healing. Potions and healers operate in a pre-4E fashion. Out of combat, characters can use healer’s kits to use their “hit dice”, which allow them to heal some portion of their health back. A first level character has a single one of these hit dice, which are d6 for weaker characters up to d12 for stronger characters. Such a character would have around 20 hit points, so a hit dice restores 5% of his health at its worst and 50% at best. For the rest of her healing, she depends completely on healers and healing potions.
This change dramatically shortens the adventuring day from 4E levels. Your starting health is the majority of the total health you will be able to spend in the day. As a defensive character, you could take three or four mild hits in a fight and be too wounded to even have a second fight. This is one of the largest departures from 4E.
Combat and Monsters
Grid made optional, player and monsters powers simplified
The grid becoming optional doesn’t itself change much, but it does remove much of the “design space” of potential powers and spells. Spells that rely on pushing and pulling or on specific ranges just don’t work. It moves much of the remaining combat logic to the DM and players. How many of these 10 goblins are surrounding the fighter? Is the rogue behind the corner or just near it? Did the ranger, as he backed away from the ogre, step backwards towards the wall or towards the door?
Player powers are pre-4E style. Spellcaster have “X casts per day” restrictions and melee character have only basic attacks. Monsters are similarly simplified. Whereas there are 4 or 5 different types of low level goblins, each with 2 or 3 powers or tricks, there is one regular goblin and a much, much more powerful boss goblin.
Both the grid change and the simplification of monsters may just be part of the nature of this particular play test. Wizards has said that they want to have add-on modules that add extra rules to the game, for DMs and players that wish to include them. Melee characters may have expanded rules as part of this subsystem. Other changes, like the prominence of ability scores and class changes, seem too deep to swap out with a module modification. We’ll see what Wizards has in mind. D&D is certainly a game of house rules, and we’ll see if this core gameplay can serve as a basis for all types of players.
Cube Drafting is a fun way to get more use out of Magic cards. I went over the basics in an earlier post. I want to talk about my considerations when designing the Cube and then provide my thought process on some of the card swaps I made.
My first step was going through Em’s huge collection. I (mostly) restricted myself to cards with the modern frame. This keeps me in the last 8-ish years of cards but includes my favorite older sets, like Ravnica and Kamigawa.
My first focus was to narrow down the sorts of cards I wanted. I had a few basic parameters:
- Nothing super-bomb level. Powerful cards are fine, but nothing that is a one-card win. One example of a bad card would be Predator Dragon, as a giant flying haste creature can often end the game immediately.
- Conditional removal instead of cheap removal. Things that read “destroy target creature” are frowned upon.
- Lots of “enters the battlefield” cards. I love 2-for-1s or 1.5-for-1s. This also helps enable other strategies like self-bounce and big, stabilizing plays.
- Enchantments where possible. Enchantments are notoriously vulnerable to 1-for-2s so I wanted to find all the good enchantments, especially in White.
- Tribal where possible. Nothing Lorwyn-level but I wanted each color to have its own tribes.
- Proliferate! I love proliferate and I have ways of boosting it with Graft and other +1/+1 and -1/-1 counter-based cards.
- Gold where possible. I’ve loved the sets that encourage multicolor and Hybrid is one of my favorite things.
- Removal in all colors. Certainly, colors should have their niches (red: damage, white: tapping, etc) but I want everyone to have fun keeping things under control.
I was able to pull out about 500 cards. My friend Alex helped me trim it down to 360, which is the right size for 3 packs for 8 people or 4 packs for 6 people. While Cubes can hypothetically be any size, keeping the pool to a limited size will help me keep it fit and well-designed.
From there, we played the Cube a few times. My first round of notes:
- White, especially control, was widely agreed to be the strongest. There are a lot of tapping effects, especially when including blue.
- Black came together with recursion, solid aggro and removal cards. Despite the removal being strong, I felt control was a bit weak for Black. Black+Red seemed well paired.
- Blue was a good second color but lacking on its own. Its tap and control effects seemed very strong but not enough to stand on its own. I also felt that proliferate wasn’t quite strong enough yet. Adding some tribal here will help.
- Red had some good removal but didn’t have enough tools to succeed with all-in aggro. Goblins wasn’t panning out so I wanted to find a new niche for Red. I also felt like Red and Green wasn’t as strong a combo as I wanted.
- Green had good mana generation but little to do with it. There weren’t enough elves to make elves work and not enough tokens to make tokens work. I needed to give Green a turbo shot of power, especially when working with its allies, White and Red.
- Gold was under drafted and I think I misunderstood the role of Gold cards in draft. I’ll need to focus on finding the best slots to give to multicolor cards, possibly by swapping in hybrid cards.
I have all the changes listed in a public google doc. It even contains my individual rationale on each swap. My summary:
- Mediocre creatures were swapped for Flankers, including a flanking lord. This is only a mini-theme, but I feel like mini-themes might be a big part of what makes a Cube fun.
- Several self-bouncing cards, themed around protecting your guys, were added. I like this as anti-removal and as a way to recycle all the “enters the battlefield” effects.
- White Crovax. Black Crovax is also in, and both of them are bombs assuming you can work around their drawbacks.
- A bit of Wizard synergy. One is a counter. The other is Azami, Lady of Scrolls. Solid on her own, she can be amazing if you can stick one or two other Wizards.
- More cloning. Cackling Counterpart provides a cool combat trick and Phyrexian Ingester is a new twist.
- Merfolk Sovereign. The two best Merfolk cards are a bit out of my budget, but Sovereign will reward players who collect a number of the already-existing Merfolk base.
- More control. Meloku will be strong and Mark of Eviction will be very interactive. I added a few medium-power counter spells, careful to avoid outright denial.
- A bit more Proliferate synergy. Tezzeret’s Gambit, specifically, seemed like a no-brainer as well as Aether Figment as a win condition for Proliferate.
- Infect, Wither, -1/-1 counters, etc. I like this as another niche for Black: it may not always kill in one hit. As discussed, I’m not fond of super strong removal, so being able to cripple creatures and kill them later sounds perfect. Also, these effects greatly benefits from proliferate.
- Viscera Dragger and Vigor Mortis boost number of straight recursion cards, while Postmortem Lunge and Screams from Within provide other ways to interacting with the graveyard.
- Consuming Vapors may end up being above the curve. I really love that the other player has some time to react to the second sacrifice, but near-guaranteed 2-for-1 removal does concern me.
- Falkenrath Noble is hopefully the beginning of several Innistrad-block Morbid-style cards. When I can find more slots for death-triggered abilities, I will.
- Several elemental cards were added. I wasn’t able to get the Elemental lord, but I will eventually. There are a surprising number of Elemental cards out there.
- More mid- and late-game burnout cards. Magmatic Core especially feels like a great finisher for super aggressive Red-based decks. Hopefully Devastating Summons will end at least one game.
- Coal Stoker joins Priest of Ubarask as a bonus-cast enabler. This feels super red to me.
- Fury Charm serves as a strict upgrade to Shatter. I’m hoping its occasionally main-deckable, especially if I can toss a few Suspends into the Cube.
- Conquering Manticore was swapped in to replace Predator Dragon. I don’t like the instant-win feel of Predator Dragon. Manticore is probably equally strong but gives the opponent more time to react. In a format with a lot of enchantment-based removal I feel its essential to give people time to react to bombs.
- Feral Hydra, Protean Hydra, Briarhorn, Masked Admirers, and Ant Queen give Green a LOT more to do with mana. Just this package has dramatically improved Green by giving it new outs to situations where the ground game gets mucked up with creatures.
- Ant Queen also serves as another entry into adding to tokens, which is typically GW, along with Gaea’s Anthem, Bestial Menace, and Hunting Triad.
- Hunting Triad, Plaguemaw Beast, and Twinblade Slasher help Green’s contributions to other colors.
- Moldervine Cloak gives Green many opportunities to trade profitably or stay big when things get tricky.
- Prey Upon and Lignify give Green some more very Green-feeling removal.
- More equipment is the story here. Each new equipment has a lot of angles. Gorgon Flail makes any blocker scary, Obsidian Battle-Axe helps the scattered Warrior cards be scary, and Blight Sickle helps token and recursion strategies wear down fatties.
- Precursor Golem. So sweet.
- Red/Green got Rumbling Slum, Deadshot Minotaur, and Burning-Tree Shaman, which are all fun cards.
- I added in nearly every sweet Cascade card, as I love the feeling of getting a small guaranteed effect with a large random effect.
- A few more hybrid cards. I’d like to include more. I’m starting to understand that Gold can be very restrictive in limited. I’m thinking of Gold cards as a prize for having that color combo. In general, I expect to expand the hybrid options.
With Modern Warfare 3 out, I’m back into the crazy world of non-ranked matchmaking. My match can involve a group of players with ten times my in-game experience. Frustrating at first, playing against these skilled players eventually feels satisfying when I start to catch up. I don’t think I’ve ever come in first place, but I have fun. Beyond that, it’s hard to justify the lack of skill-based matchmaking. I thought it might make sense to make a breakdown:
In games like Starcraft 2 or WoW’s Arena, you have a rating that goes up and down depending on your wins and losses. Beat a high rank opponent, gain a lot of points. Beat a lower ranked opponent, gain few points. Similar things when you lose. I’ve played several games with this system, and most matches are tough but winnable. It can be a excellent in one on one matches, but it can be a bit more frustrating to lose rating points because of an underperforming teammate.
In most old school FPS games, you look at a list of player-run servers and pick one to join. You could even save favorite servers and revisit them frequently. Back in the day, I used to join the same Quake 3 server running a mod I liked. I got to know the people there and had a good idea of where my skill was in relation to everyone else. Apart from that, this is a complete random assortment with all the pitfalls therein.
In unranked League of Legends matches or in several fighting games like Street Fighter 4, your account gains levels primarily just increases. The more you play, the higher your level and the harder your matches will be. If you play enough, you can eventually level yourself out of having a competitive chance.
The only selection involved in games like Modern Warfare comes from picking the game mode. Hardcore modes will attract mostly high skilled players, whereas large team games invite newer players. This does keep some of the more exotic modes from being reasonable for players.
Conclusion – Benefits of Non-Ranked Matching
The downside of skill-based matching is that it requires a large pool of players constantly starting new games. If there are only 400 players playing a game and a match takes 10 players and lasts 20 minutes, it will take time to match enough players even ignoring skill parameters. Adding in skill ranking and trying to match within certain constrains would add more delays. For an action-packed game like MW3, maybe skipping matchmaking is actually the best idea.
I enjoy playing Magic and reading about new sets, but I definitely don’t enjoy keeping boxes of cards around. Buying lots of packs and trying to trade for cards also does not appeal to me. While I enjoy drafting, it is pretty expensive if you don’t intend to keep the cards. So, whenever I can, I look for other ways to enjoy the game. Fortunately, there are plenty!
My new favorite thing is Cube Drafting. Here is the brief explanation:
- Pick 360 cards in roughly even colors/cost.
- Shuffle all the cards together and split them into 15 card “packs”.
- Divide the packs up among the players and draft!
I went through my friend Em’s huge collection and picked out about 500 cards as a first pass. My friend Alex helped me trim it down to 360. We played that Cube the other day and everyone had a pile of fun. It’s all the fun of drafting, but since they’re all your chosen cards, they’re usually more powerful. This does a few things to the draft process:
- Late picks (picks 8 to 15) are exciting. Plenty of good cards to go around means some sweet cards go late.
- Diversity within builds. I put a Knight theme into white, and two players had Knight-centric decks, but they were quite different. Rather than the stress of drafting barely enough playables, you instead have many choices on which directions to go with your strategy.
- The Cube fits your personal tastes. I packed the Cube with “enters the battlefield” effects and some crazy Enchantments.
- Lower pressure encourages new players. I had a few friends that wouldn’t want to play a competitive store draft, but loved playing the Cube.
- Breathes new life into old cards. Em was surprised by all of his old cards coming back. I think he really enjoyed seeing all of his collection being used.
If you were especially creative, you could build specialty Cubes. What would an all-Red Cube look like? An all spell Cube? There are many crazy ways to go, since you have full control over the contents of the draft.
I’ve written about Duel Decks before, but Wizards has expanded their strategy since then. Nowadays, they release a variety of pre made themed decks. In addition to the “Garruk vs Lilliana” style decks, they also release pre constructed decks for some other formats:
- Planechase: Planechase is a cool format where there is a central “Plane” deck that modifies the game for everyone. Every turn, the Plane can change, which shifts the gameplay. There are some other twists along the way, too. You can buy Planechase decks that go with this format and tie into the Planes in some way.
- Archenemy: This fun 3v1 format uses another specialty side-deck, but the decks that come bundled are also really fun! I had an amazing first turn as the Archenemy that everyone still talks about. Like with Planechase, you can use the Archenemy side-deck with normal cards, too.
- Commander: More on this one later.
The idea here is that you can buy and play with pre made decks. I’ve found that it can be fun to learn these decks and their match ups, even if they aren’t high end cards.
Duels of the Planeswalkers
The 2012 version of this PC/PS3/360 game enhances everything I said about the previous version. More decks, better quality decks, and support for Archenemy. All for $10, which is cheap as MtG can be! There are some things I’ve especially enjoyed in this new version:
- As mentioned, the decks are higher quality/power overall, which makes the games more tense. It also makes unlocking cards more exciting, since the unlocked cards are exciting.
- Archenemy makes this game a killer couch-coop game. The Archenemy deck makes for a memorable villain and rallying for a win is super satisfying. Playing Magic cooperatively also helps teach new players, which makes the game fun for everyone.
- They support the game with new decks and cards. This version has one expansion and one deck pack, both of which have been reasonably priced ($5 for 3 decks+features, $3 for 2 decks). Like fighting games, more decks means exponentially more match-ups, which keeps the fun going for a long time.
EDH (Elder Dragon Highlander), AKA Commander is a special format within Magic. The basic rules:
- Pick a Commander. It must be a legendary creature. That creature sits outside your deck. You may play him at any time. If he dies, he leaves the game again but may be replayed for his cost, plus 2.
- Build a 100 card Highlander deck using only the colors of the commander. In Highlander, “there can be only one” of any non-basic land card. This emphasizes searching out obscure cards.
- 40 life, multiplayer format.
- You can buy pre made Commander decks, and it seems like Wizards is committing to supporting Highlander into the future.
I don’t own any EDH decks myself, but wherever people are playing Magic, you can usually meet up with people that will lend you a deck. Many players are enthusiastic to show you their creations and share them with you.
If you have any feedback, let me know!
My iPhone gaming has slowed down over time, but I’ve still checked out a few new games in the last four or five months.
Bumpy Road – Control a cute car by moving the terrain around it. I like the graphics more than the gameplay and didn’t end up playing this game for too long. A novel take on platform jumping, but one that seemed unnatural to me.
Extreme Road Trip – A simple game about flipping your car as it drives to the right. The precision involved in getting a perfect landing (instead of a decent one) is well rewarded with speed boosts that increase the action further. Quick, addictive, and fun.
Groove Coaster – A one button version of Guitar Hero-style gameplay. Cool graphical style and nice music. Single tapping eventually felt boring to me and I was sometimes frustrated by parts that make the timing hard to understand.
Hard Lines – Tron/Snake with a lot of modes and a sense of humor. This super-precision-based gameplay felt poorly suited for touch controls. Maybe with more practice I would enjoy it, but I guess I didn’t want to play Snake that badly.
Sprinkle – Really cool water simulation tech helps make this a fun fire-fighting game. Watching the water slosh around felt new and surprising. Why don’t we see games with cool simulation on more powerful systems, like PC and consoles?
Feed Me Oil - Another game with cool liquid tech. Here, you’re building Incredible Machine-style devices to transport goopy oil into the mouths of monsters. I enjoyed this one less than Sprinkle, mostly because of the many puzzles that required hard-to-manage fans and spinning gusts of air. With a better focus on easier-to-understand pieces, I’d like it more.
Sword and Sworcery – Adventure game with sick music and visuals. I think it’d be a better fit on iPad, as the touch targets are a bit small on iPhone, but I’m still enjoying it anyhow.
Ramp Champ – Skee Ball with some video game twists. Free and supported by In-App Purchases that unlock new tables to play. I played it for a solid hour or two and enjoyed it for that time.
Strategery – Similar to a stripped-down Risk. Fun and quick with an attractive interface. Once you make it up to the highest level, though, games are more about who arbitrarily survives the first few rounds and less about strategy.
1-bit Ninja – One-button platform game. At the time, I didn’t know this was a “thing” on iOS. It turns out that this is a thing I don’t like. Cute visuals, not a fan otherwise.
Super Stickman Golf – Exactly what I’d ask for with an iOS golf game. Worms-style aiming, power ups, good courses, fun (local) multiplayer, and free. I also like the sharp visuals, from the UI to the in-game graphics. High marks for this one!
Scribblenauts Remix – A mini version of the creative Nintendo DS game. The most fun part is imagining anything and having the game realize it. Pregnant pirate ship? Done. Want to see whether a crocodile or a crocodile hunter wins? Done. So many funny ideas.
Async Corp. – A twist on Bejeweled with Japanese-style graphics. Hard to recommend either way: it’s a puzzle game, so you’ll either get hooked or you won’t. I didn’t. The attempts at humor fell flat for me.
Good – Best storytelling of any of the games so far, most varied mission design, brotherhood powers are so badass, still very fun to stab people.
Bad – Online way more chaotic than strategic, modern day characters as unlikeable as ever, overall gameplay starting to get tedious, brotherhood powers trivialize so many things.
Far Cry 2
Good – Great African rural setting, open world feels large and varied, malaria effects are a good attempt at adding random elements.
Bad – Insane amounts of travel time, nonexistent characterization and storytelling, uninteresting scenario design typical to open-world games.
Good – Zelda-style gameplay without the slow first several hours, brings the Warhammer aesthetic to life with a new world, competent and consistent gameplay.
Bad – No good puzzles, combat doesn’t have much new or fresh, no character development, demons vs angels isn’t as badass as it should be.
Mass Effect 2
Good – Better combat, better acting, better characters, better graphics, first 90% of the game is pitch perfect.
Bad – Storytelling fails when trying to get to the highest stakes, last boss is weird and lacks personal drama, the survival of your crew is way too easy to guarantee, seeing all the side missions guarantees the most drama-free ending.
Splinter Cell Conviction
Good – Stripped down main character, stealth aspects aren’t the typical pass/fail frustration for much of the genre, innovative “Mark and Execute” gameplay that makes you feel like an assassin stalking your targets.
Bad – Foes eventually get so strong that all the cool stuff goes out the window, hard to follow the storyline.
Good – Large world full of humor and variety, fun RPG action, unusually well implemented online features.
Bad – Storyline feels forced and unrelated to the exploration, final act has really weird pacing that enters point-of-no-return with no warning, never challenging except when really cheap and frustrating.
Good – Great cutscenes, cool new light-based fighting elements, awesome trees.
Bad – Combat drags on really badly as story progresses, ending is way too meta and lacking in drama.
Good – More Portal! Both single player and co-op have great variety and humor, excellent expansion of the setting, perfect ending.
Bad – Nothing in particular, but lacks the shocks of the original.
Good – Unbelievably good facial animation that actually serves as the basis of the gameplay, well-executed setting, satisfying plot that starts with a slow burn, some of the story turns are well integrated into game mechanics, decent combat and action.
Bad – The fundamental system for judging truth/doubt/lie with witnesses is only barely good enough due to unclear separation of doubt and lie.
Good – Surprisingly excellent story mode full of great cutscenes and big surprises for fans of the series, basic gameplay is as good as MK’s ever been, impressively disgusting fatalities.
Bad – Fighting games are still full of weird gameplay that make it poorly suited for casual players.
Shadows of the Damned
Good – Hot start with funny dialog and cool characters, gameplay is basically RE4 which isn’t bad.
Bad – Side modes are all bad, love interest character is awful, story evaporates halfway in, gameplay feels like a bad slog once dialog runs out.
Good – Huge explosions, sliding around is fun, takes place in real time, decent shooting.
Bad – Especially short, obvious plot twists, boss battles look great but aren’t fun.
Alice: Madness Returns
Good – Cool setting with fun cutscenes inside and outside Alice’s mind, solid combat, crazy looking worlds, great setup for unraveling Alice’s crazy memories.
Bad – Plot and gameplay both give out about halfway in, ending could have been more insane.
Good – Skillshot system properly awards doing insane feats, crazy guns, some really ludicrous lines.
Bad – Yet another FPS.
Deux Ex: Human Revolution
Good – Solid stealth action merged with useful RPG elements, can approach areas in many different ways, good rewards for playing well, cool dialog system, great setting, nice variety between open city zones and tighter mission areas.
Bad – Trial and error gameplay endemic to stealth-based games, hacking mini game is too random to be truly great, really lame boss fights that penalize stealth-based characters, especially bad final boss, really bad endings.
Good – Mostly just the rad ending, great voice acting.
Bad – Completely by-the-numbers Prince of Persia gameplay ripoff, all the enemies are personality-free robots, chemistry between the cast is mixed quality, no cool powers to learn or weapons to find, throwaway RPG elements, hoverboard sequences are punishing.
Podcasts are a great way to gain understanding directly from people who work in the industry. My favorite podcasts are from 5by5. My breakdown of the shows:
Back to Work – Merlin is crazy if you haven’t heard/read him before, but I definitely love every minute of it. Certainly a good place to hear the affirmation that it doesn’t count until you ship. The show is also super meta, which is definitely delightful to me as I love seeing how things work and seeing how things can be deconstructed.
Talk Show – as much as I like Gruber, I don’t really enjoy this show. Gruber comes off disinterested and grumpy compared to his more intellectual and thorough blog. I wonder if most nerds are really like that.
Build and Analyze – Marco has a lot to say and definitely carries that young tech entrepreneur feeling. The show gives a strong idea of his mindset, especially on more recent episodes where he talks about building a small content management system for his blog.
The Pipeline - Interviews aplenty. I high quality guests with a good hit rate and usually Dan keeps the questions coming. I have enjoyed listening to the back episodes of this show, especially the ones where he interviews someone who later becomes a cohost on other shows.
The Big Web Show – Generally the topics here are good and the guests are important, but sometimes the show sometimes slows to a crawl. Zeldman isn’t as good as Dan at keeping guests on topic. Sometimes Zeldman’s questions actually lead the guest into bigger tangents.
Critical Path – An amazingly insightful show about the mobile phone industry. Super informative and educational, but seems to come out rarely. I’d love more!
Hypercritical – Definitely my favorite show and the one most relevant to me. I read Siracusa’s giant OSX reviews before I even had a Mac and I appreciate his super thorough style. I’m hoping he can keep up the momentum. The recent programming episodes have given me hope.
I enjoyed much of DA2 but a good portion of the ending sequence played the wrong way for me. I made some notes to try to figure out why it didn’t quite satisfy.
- Anders didn’t succumb enough to Justice. He just sorta blows things up but seems otherwise pretty mellow about it afterward. He doesn’t go through a character arc, unlike some of the other party members. He’s the same character at the beginning and the end. Maybe if I had played Awakening he would have made more sense. I’d like him to actually get tense and angry and more badass instead of just staying the same Anders afterward.
- Orsino is a weak character with few traits. He should be more brainy, more calculating, so that it’s even remotely believable that he could be a bad guy. Meredith is way more evil than him and it hurts the struggle. It would also help if there was some sort of reasoning why he turns into a demon and then attacks the players instead of Meredith. That, or play him as very feeble and passive-aggressive, so when he turns on everyone it makes more sense.
- The Circle also has a weak portrayal once you get inside. A half dozen mages doing the “idle conversation” emote doesn’t seem convincing enough. The circle in Origins was better delivered. Perhaps a quest or two could have traveled into the circle during the game. Maybe this is better explored if you’re a mage character.
- I wish there was some sort of basis to why Meredith could summon giant clockwork monsters. Is lyrium mean to grant immense magical power to summon golems? I understand it’s the end of a videogame and it’s necessary to provide giant bosses. Fighting Meredith as she slows down and petrifies would have also been awesome.
- It was probably a time crunch thing, but the city does not change over the course of 6 years and nor do the residents. Nobody seems to react to the battle with the Qunari besides your party members. Shouldn’t something have moved in there?
Axe in Face – Cute music and funny setup, but the gameplay didn’t catch me. I like the use of iPhone/drawing controls.
The Blocks Cometh – A platform set in a world like Tetris, blocks constantly fall from the top of the screen. Enjoying it but death seems to come out of nowhere.
Chaos Rings – Grabbed it on sale and glad I didn’t pay full for it. A decent iPhone adaptation of Final Fantasy-style games, but the combat isn’t exceptional and it has less story and character than most RPGs.
Cut the Rope – Fun puzzles! Definitely recommended.
Disc Drivin’ – Funny multiplayer game… it’s a turn based driving game! Shuffleboard around a racetrack. Fun was had by all. Great design for both local and online multiplayer.
Dungeon Raid – Really addictive puzzle game with RPG trappings. Games can sometimes go “infinite” and never end, which gets really dull.
Gravity Guy – There seems to be a sub-genre of “auto-run to the right and tap to jump” games, and this has the same problem as the others: it has a ton of cheap deaths. They have a clever menu option that allows for high-res graphics to be downloaded on the fly, which seems smart to keep the download size small.
Kami Retro – Like Lemmings as a platformer, with swipe controls. One weird part is that you must complete each level four times to proceed. Didn’t hold my interest.
Meow Meow Happy Fight – “Twin Stick”-style deathmatch game with a cute art style. Doesn’t seem very skillful so far.
Tiny Wings – Love it! A perfectly implemented and simple gameplay mechanic with all the great graphics/sound/music you’d want. Big recommendations!
6th Planet - Advertises that it has a comic book story along with the game. The comic is awful and the game is just Lunar Lander. Lots of hype, little game.
Shadow Era – Freemium clone of the World of Warcraft card game. A cool way to play some cards for free, but I can’t imagine actually buying packs for this game.
Infinity Blade – Great touch controls, great visuals, interesting equipment, but repetitive. It feels like all iPhone games are doomed to be arcade style games with little narrative, exploration, or adventure.
Battleheart – Biggest game for me so far. Lead a party of adventurers in a series of battles. No story or exploration, just combat, but it’s fast and the controls are great. Typical addictive RPG elements seals the deal.
Super Mega Worm – Eat people as a giant worm. Controls are solid but the game doesn’t feel challenging. For a buck, it’s fun and silly.
Death Knight – Uhhh played about 2 minutes and deleted. Creaky controls that got in my way and didn’t like the art style.
Rage HD – Good ideas with the controls, but tilt control still feels unnatural for me, especially in a first person shooter.
Astronut – Cute, easy to play, solid controls. Fun with gravity.
League of Evil – Adorable graphics and Super Meat Boy/N+/Splosion Man gameplay. Great so far.
Helsing’s Fire – Promising puzzle game with awesome art and an interesting gameplay style involving shining light.
Street Fighter 4 – About as good a port as one could hope. A novelty buy/play for me.
Space Miner – Hoping to get into this game but the graphics are a weird combo of anime guys, hillbillies, and 90s-looking 3d. Controls have only been so-so.
Angry Birds – Yeah.
Puzzle Agent - Fun puzzles and hilarious characters and story. Release more of these, please!
Anyone have a favorite?
I was heartened to read there is another large Civ 5 patch on the way.
We wanted to improve the effectiveness of buildings. We also wanted to improve how cities interact with the map. Adjustments to terrain have increased production, while buildings that modify production have been adjusted in tune with these changes.
The perennial balance problem in the Civilization series has the tension between “Tall” nations, which have a few big cities, and “Wide” nations, which have as many cities as they can fit. The problem with enabling Wide nations comes when Wide goes to “Extra Wide”. A 10 city civ doesn’t have many advantages over a 20 city civ. Enabling Wide while discouraging Extra Wide is a problem that all previous version of Civ have punted on. This massive patch directly addresses the lucrative incremental bonuses that city sprawl generates.
What’s clear now, beyond the specifics of ICS balance, is that this team gets modern game balance. With rabid and intelligent fan discussion on the internet, balance problems are quickly identified and exploited. Internal testing, before a game launches, lacks the scale, diversity, and especially the critical nature of the gaming community. Patching has become commonplace in modern gaming, but fan communication is still an emerging art.
We’ll see how many companies can successfully adopt the ongoing development style made famous by Blizzard. With Starcraft 2 and World of Warcraft, even small updates receive careful attention and long stints on “Public Test” servers. They have also exemplified the benefit of ongoing development: sustained interest in the company and their products. In the age of DLC, it is possible to monetize fan bases. Civ 5 has released a few DLC packs that add new leaders and scenarios, and more.
Haven’t been posting a lot, so here’s a few retail games I’ve played in the last few months and a few good and bad parts of each of them.
Final Fantasy 13
Good Bits: Once it gets going, gameplay is unique and exciting; captures the feel of raiding (a la WoW) in a single player experience; surprisingly sympathetic characters; many challenging late-game side quests
Bad Bits: Takes a long, long time to get going; uninteresting antagonists; linear areas with little exploration until near the end of the game; character customization often doesn’t feel very customized; item purchasing and crafting systems are way more work than they are worth until the very end of the game
Good Bits: Awesomely over-the-top main character that even my girlfriend can love; dodge button also gives a sweet slow-mo effect, which is the foundation of better-than-Devil May Cry gameplay; perfect difficulty curve that invites multiple replays; easy to replay stages and try for higher scores
Bad Bits: Hardest difficulty strips out all the fun game mechanics; occasionally frustrating enemies, though maybe that’s the idea; token obnoxious young guy character
Assassin’s Creed 2
Good Bits: Hilariously adorable Italian accents; much less repetitive than AC1; beautiful setting and wonderful environments; cool and often wild combination of sci-fi, historical setting, and conspiracy theories; combat has a lot of options and variety, especially for a stealth-based game
Bad Bits: Modern day segments are lame and poorly acted; some weapons, like the smoke bomb, make combat too easy; money and villa development are cool at first but run out of tricks halfway in; still has inane collectibles that are impossible to find without a guide
Red Faction: Guerilla
Good Bits: Destructible buildings really bring out the “Tim the Tool Man” grunts; one of those games you play on Easy mode and never look back; laying into a dude or a pillar or a wall or a vehicle with the super sledgehammer; weapons provide radically different ways of approaching most missions
Bad Bits: Combat isn’t actually any fun on higher difficulty levels; pretty repetitive; failing missions is often a huge time drain; really corny plot, voice acting, cliche characters, wasted subplots (though these are missed opportunities rather than knocks on the enjoyment of the game); vehicles often feel way too vulnerable and dangerous
Good Bits: Full blown RPG-style features in a shooter; fun and funky take on a mad max world; guns have much more variety than usual games; DLC adds whole areas and new features; occasionally genuinely hilarious and quotable
Bad Bits: Weak story and poor characterization of main characters; quests after quests can feel like the worst parts of World of Warcraft; keeping track of quests in multiplayer is difficult; hard to find people at a similar quest level online; although weapons are interesting, grenades and shields seem like wasted opportunities
Good Bits: Solid shooter gameplay with a variety of guns and special powers; easy to replay missions to look for new secrets; fun upgrade system for weapons; well paced level design with a good tension between all-out action and sneaky segments
Bad Bits: Laggy, buggy multiplayer that has a ton of missed opportunity; non-story, blank main character (actually reminiscent of GTA3′s protagonist), etc; the basic machine guns are strong enough to make the other, scarce weapons feel marginal; it would be nice to get some help finding the obscure secrets after finishing a level; cliche super-fast mutant enemies are obnoxious to fight; boss fights devolve into “shoot the glowing spot”
Good Bits: Cool weapons and fun weapon achievements; the low key story is a good contrast to the “save the world” of normal Halo
Bad Bits: Celebrity voice acting is absolutely wasted on awful dialog and one-dimensional characters; having “stamina” and “health” instead of “shields” and “health” is confusing and leads to way too much red screen and panting hurt dude sounds; weapons only have a few clips and enemies take entire clips to kill, which leads to constant weapon scavenging; still has those occasionally cheap-feeling sections where tanks one-shot vehicles or several brutes pile on and once, causing instant death